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What is Narcolepsy?Narcolepsy is a chronic Neurological Disorder which is caused by the brains inability to regulate sleep cycles. At various times during the day, the patient can fall asleep at any time for anything from a few seconds up to a few minutes. The patient has little or no control over falling asleep and it can happen at the most inconvenient and embarrassing times for example, whilst driving, during a meeting or conversation or even during sex.While Narco...

Narcolepsy - What Is It And How Can It Be Treated?

Narcolepsy - What Is It And How Can It Be Treated?What is Narcolepsy?Narcolepsy is a chronic Neurological Disorder which is caused by the brains inability to regulate sleep cycles. At various times during the day, the patient can fall asleep at any time for anything from a few seconds up to a few minutes. The patient has little or no control over falling asleep and it can happen at the most inconvenient and embarrassing times for example, whilst driving, during a meeting or conversation or even during sex.While Narcolepsy isnt very common, it still affects a lot of people. In the USA for example, Narcolepsy affects 25 in every 100,000 people in the population. Narcolepsy normally manifests itself in the patients teens to early twenties. However, Narcolepsy can start in both the very young and the old. There is a body of opinion that Narcolepsy is a life-time condition however, that opinion is quite controversial at this time.There are three main ways that Narcolepsy manifests itself. They are as followsExcessive Daytime SleepinessThis is where the patient feels incredibly sleepy during the day. This is the most common narcoleptic condition by far and the one which most people associate with Narcolepsy.CataplexyHere there is a sudden loss of muscle tone with little or no warning. It is commonly a secondary symptom of Narcolepsy although it can occur albeit very rarely with other conditions. In severe cases, all the voluntary muscles can collapse with little or no warning. In mild cases, it is just a small set of the voluntary muscles. The episodes can last for anything up to 30 minutes with the patient being fully aware of what is happening, but unable to do anything about it. In some cases, especially when the cataplexy carries on for a long time, the patient can start to hallucinate.Cataplexy is thought to be brought on during times of extra emotional states. These states can be either good states, brought on by the patient being very happy, or from a bad state where the patient is either stressed or upset.Wild hallucinationsCan occur during the onset of sleep and during waking.Sleep ParalysisThis can occur at the beginning and end of sleep. It was first described in the 19th Century. The patient feels very afraid and cant move. The feeling is described commonly as if some person or creature is sitting on them holding them down.What causes Narcolepsy?There is a great deal of debate with regards to what causes Narcolepsy. At this time, there isnt a definitive answer.What is generally believed though is that the brains normal pattern during sleep is that during the first hour, the brains electrical activity reduces. After this hour, the electrical activity starts to increase again. This is accompanied by rapid eye movements (REM) and deep relaxation of your muscles. After a while, the brain electrical activity starts to slow down again. This cycle repeats itself a number of times throughout sleep.Some investigation has shown that a person suffering from Narcolepsy doesnt follow this same pattern, or rather; the initial slowing of the brains electrical activity is a lot quicker than in a non-narcoleptic.This sleep cycle is controlled by neurones within the brain. For narcoleptics, it has been noted that the hormone Hypocretin is a lot lower than in people who dont suffer from Narcolepsy. Hypocretin it is believed controls the neurones which in turn control the brains activity during sleep.As mentioned earlier, this is widely accepted however, there are still many questions which havent been answered as to the cause of Narcolepsy.What is the treatment for Narcolepsy?As were not exactly sure what causes Narcolepsy, there are a few treatments which have proven to be effective.Clinical trials have shown that short day time naps can help to reduce the excessive daytime sleepiness. What is also important is that the sufferer of Narcolepsy, has a strict bedtime regime. This is so that the patient gets the recommended daily amount of sleep that is required.With regards to the drugs which may help, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness is helped by taking Amphetamine Stimulants. However, it must be remembered that these types of drugs do have some quite severe side effects which may in some cases cause more suffering and possibly damage than the Narcolepsy itself.For the patients who suffer from Cataplexy, it has been found that a number of anti-depressant drugs can help to relieve the sufferer. Again, there can be side effects to these drugs.Narcolepsy can be quite a problem for a number of people, for others, it is merely inconvenient and a bit embarrassing at times. Unfortunately, we dont know exactly what causes Narcolepsy and we dont have a cure for it either. Hopefully one day, we will be able know what causes Narcolepsy and possibly we will be able to administer a cure. Until then, there are ways of minimising the problem that Narcolepsy can bring to a sufferer either from self help or from various drugs which have shown to be effective.

Eye-Care Specialist Tips: Get to Know Your Eye Doctor

Eye-Care Specialist Tips: Get to Know Your Eye Doctor

Public misunderstanding of the specific function of eye doctors is widespread. Other health experts such as the nurse can clarify their roles and direct individuals intelligently for proper care.The importance of adequate eye examination cannot be emphasized too strongly. Too often, most people find patients using a pair of glasses that belong to a relative, or using one that was purchased at the local variety store.The care of the eye is undertaken by four groups of eye specialists:1. The oculistThe oculist, the ophthalmologist, or the ophthalmic physician is a medical doctor who is skilled in the treatment of all conditions and diseases of the eye. Because of training and experience, he is able to make a more thorough and complete examination of the eye for refractive errors and other changes.2. The opticianThe optician, not a physician, whose concern is to grind, mount, and dispense lenses.3. The optometristThe optometrist, who is licensed to examine for refractive errors in the eye by mechanical means and to provide appropriate corrective lenses, is not a physician, and he does not use drugs in the examination of the eyes.4. The ocularistThe ocularist is a technician who makes artificial eyes and other prostheses used in ophthalmology.Among these four eye specialists, the ophthalmologist is the one considered fit to be called as the ultimate eye doctor. Ophthalmologists have finished medical school and board on a usual schooling schedule that usually takes 3 years after taking medicine proper in nearly all countries.How to Choose an OphthalmologistEven if eye doctors or ophthalmologists may seem professional enough to perform any surgical operations concerning the eyes or at least examine the eyes for any problems, it is still important to know how to choose the best eye doctor.Here are some of the factors that you must consider when choosing the best eye doctor:1. Skills and expertiseA good eye doctor is usually defined by the way his skills and expertise are shown on his credentials such as diploma and license certificates.Hence, it is important to verify that your eye doctor has the correct and sufficient education to analyze, make a diagnosis, cure, and administer some medications and surgical operations to cure eye diseases. These documents will assist you in analyzing the efficiency of your eye doctor to perform such service.Be wary of people performing such duties and responsibilities that only licensed eye doctors are allowed to carry out. Consulting them may only produce more harm than good.Certifications denoting passed board examinations indicate quality and reliable services. Any documents that will serve as evidences of these things must be properly displayed within the office of the eye doctor and must be noticeably identified.2. Adequate practice and knowledgeAny eye doctor with adequate practices denotes specialization and expertise on his chosen field. This goes to show that a new board passer, even if he is on the top list, is still no match for an eye doctor who has already gained 20 years of experience brought about by constant practice of his profession.Besides, well-experienced eye doctors could also mean they have attended several seminars and additional trainings regarding the newest methods of vision correction.3. Most referredIt is always safe to consult an eye doctor who has been referred to you by a relative or a close friend. Their experiences will always tell you how the eye doctor has been efficient in carrying out his job.Because the eye is such a vital part of the body, it is important to choose only the best and the most efficient eye doctor to perform the protection and proper care for the eye.

What Bacteria Causes Eye Styes?

What Bacteria Causes Eye Styes?

Styes are caused by staphylococcal bacteria. This disease appears due to debilitated condition of the system. An Eye stye occurs when staphylococcal bacteria infect one of the tiny glands at the base of the eyelid hairs and then becomes inflamed. A chalazion can sometimes be mistaken for a stye.A chalazion or stye is a small lump on the eyelid due to a plugged oil gland. This can occur on any eyelid. The eyelids contain many oil producing glands called meibomian glands. In some people, these glands become plugged, much like a pimple might develop on the skin. This is not related to any disease and is not harmful to the eye or vision.Sties are the result of an infected oil gland at the base of the eyelash. You can get more than one sty at a time or several in succession because the infection can spread from one hair follicle to others. Infection can occur, for example, when a contaminated mascara or makeup brush gives bacteria a free ride into the oily pores along the lashes.To help prevent styes, internal hordeola, and chalazia, which are minor problems of the eyelid:1. Do not rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and spread infection.2. Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution by wearing safety glasses when outside, particularly when doing dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.3. Avoid areas where dust and air pollution are heavy.4. Replace your eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.5. Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid (blepharitis) promptly. If you do not, the infection may spread to the oil glands of the eyelid and cause a stye.Eye Stye RemediesChalazions may be treated with any one or a combination of antibiotic or steroid drops or injections; warm compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 or 4 times a day; gentle massage to express the glandular secretions; or surgical drainage. Chalazions usually respond well to treatment, although some people are prone to recurrences and may require continuing medication.

Are You Looking For A Cheap Bad Breath Cure?

Are You Looking For A Cheap Bad Breath Cure?

Bad breath cures are a dime a dozen really, they're all over the place in terms of geography, content, price, and life philosophy. This is because lots of people have this problem and because usually they don't know a lot and are easily deceived by gimmickry.So how do you go out and find a bad breath cure that works but isn't going to break your bank or risk your health. Well you should probably talk to your family doctor and or your dentist and get his or her advice. This is your best bet because these people have the background training that allows them to understand the pathophysiology around this common but very socially disturbing problem. They also have the training and knowledge required to safely use some of the effective options that are available that can really knock out your halitosis once and for all.Let me try to give you some basics of bad breath. First the main issue is that the smell comes from bacteria that have colonized your oral cavity. In order to come up with an effective "bad breath cure" you have to either find a way to limit the colonization of these bacteria in your mouth or to limit the substrates that the bacteria use to create the foul smell. Oral hygiene is therefore an obvious start. So yes you have to brush your teeth regularly if you haven't been.Most people already do this so the next step is brushing your tongue as well as your teeth. This is because your tongue is actually the main breeding ground for this smelly bacteria and by brushing your tongue you are actually dislodging millions of bacteria and keeping the population at bay. Mouth rinsing helps too. This is another way that you can dislodge bacteria from all of the pits and crevices in your mouth and wash them down the drain. You can either rinse with water (which actually works better than most people give it credit) or some sort of antibacterial mouthwash that not only dislodges but also kills part of the population with each swish and gargle.If you are already doing this regularly and have had no success with the bad breath than you need to go to the next level up. This is changing your diet. Bacteria love foods rich in carbohydrates especially simple sugars. This is what they use to both live and to create those noxious fumes so cutting them out of your diet tends to help. The other diet modification is to eat yogurt. This is something that not many people think of but can be really effective. You see yogurt contains a benign bacteria that doesn't give off bad smells and can kick the bacteria out by out competing them for a place in your mouth.

The Importance Of Respirator Face Masks

Globalization as well as advances in technology has improved the quality of life of the people. New inventions and industrialization has somehow made life easier and m ore comfortable for the modern man. However, while these are considered blessings to humanity, the modernization of the human race carried with it unavoidable evils such as modern diseases.The rise in the number of diseases may be attributed to the increasing globalization of the world. The increase in people traffic from on e country to another has made containment of diseases harder and more complex. Thanks to technology again, man has invented ways and means to keep modern diseases from spreading.The use of respirator face masks both for ordinary citizens and for health workers has somehow minimized the spread of diseases. Such diseases would have grown to an epidemic if not for these health masks.Respirator face masks are widely used by healthcare providers as well as individuals who already have diseases of are in danger of getting the disease. The panic brought about by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS several years ago has increased the demand for respiratory masks. Some healthcare institutions used to reserve respiratory masks in the event of a smallpox outbreak. However, there are more complicated and special respiratory face masks for use in case of chemical or radiological emergencies. During the SARS scare, healthcare workers were prioritized in the provision of respiratory face masks since they were in direct contact with patients who have SARS or who may have been infected with the disease.Respiratory face masks come in all sizes and shapes and in different specifications. Some respiratory masks have exhalation devices that are intended to lessen the build up of moisture. Most respiratory masks can fit any face size and are designed to protect the wearers from the spread of the virus. Generally, respiratory masks protect the wearer from microorganisms that are easily spread in the air.However, experts admitted that the use of respiratory face masks does not provide total protection to the wearer. Thus, aside form wearing respiratory face masks, doctors also recommend the use of other precautionary methods like gloves or medical gown as well as the intake of vitamins and other medicines.Hospitals or clinics that are at the forefront of healthcare provision are required to provide respiratory face masks for both their medical and non-medical staff. They must also conduct trainings for the their staff who may possibly encounter highly critical and contagious diseases later on so they will know what to do when that happens. The respiratory face masks are special health equipment and the staff must be taught its proper use.Ordinary people tend to confuse the ordinary surgical mask from the respiratory mask but these are two different masks. The doctors surgical masks does not provide the same protection offered by the respiratory face mask although it can be a substitute when a person is faced with an emergency situation and it is impossible for him to find a respiratory mask Surgical masks tend to be loosely fitted and are generally not suited as a protection against airborne diseases. Surgical masks are used to protect healthcare workers from blood splashes and the release of other body fluids during surgical and related procedures.

Home Remedies For Blisters

According to us blisters are a very common thing and we come across them very often in our daily lives. It is a very common occurrence like cold or fever depending upon your lifestyle. The common forms of blisters are the ones wherein the blister is raised and filled with a liquid. These blisters can form on any part of your body mainly hands and feet where there is more friction.The different types of blister are fever blisters, blood blisters, and friction blister which is the most common blister among the three. Fever blisters are formed around your mouth, chin, cheeks or nostrils. These can also be found in your mouth but are smaller than canker sores. Friction blisters are caused by friction by doing things with your bare hands, wearing a new shoe, due to heat, frostbite, chemical injury or friction. Blood blisters are mainly developed due to a smash or punching injury. This kind of injury ticker the blood between the skin layers causing it to be a blood blister.Self-Care MeasuresThe first thing to do for a blister, if it is due to burns is to put pour or soak the injured part in ice-water.How to avoid blisters on your feet? Before wearing your shoes you can apply Vaseline or petroleum jelly all over your feet to avoid any friction.You can wear silk under socks to prevent blisters and save yourself from the agonizing pain.Rub baby powder on your feet. This prevents blisters from appearing on your feet.Home Remedies for BlistersYou can provide a cool compress to the blister by soaking a towel in a mixture of salt and ice-cold water.Apply 10 percent tannic acid to the required areas of the skin, twice daily. Continue this for two to three weeks to make your skin stronger and healthier.Sweating causes further inflammation of the blisters. To get your feet dry, soak them in a mixture of epsom salt and warm water. Do this by the end of the day for five minutes and later soak it dry for best results.You can treat broken blisters by applying few drops of Listerine to disinfect the wound as it is a wonderful antiseptic.You can apply aloe vera gel or juice, vitamin E oil or zinc ointment on the blisters to alleviate pain.Garlic oil also helps in disinfecting the infected blisters.Dab blisters with witch hazel at least four times a day. This would relieve pain and also help in drying process of the blister due to the presence of astringent tannins.Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Summary

What is Narcolepsy?Narcolepsy is a chronic Neurological Disorder which is caused by the brains inability to regulate sleep cycles. At various times during the day, the patient can fall asleep at any time for anything from a few seconds up to a few minutes. The patient has little or no control over falling asleep and it can happen at the most inconvenient and embarrassing times for example, whilst driving, during a meeting or conversation or even during sex.While Narco...